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What is Anti-competitive Conduct?

Two main types of anti-competitive conduct:
1. Cartels
2. Abuse of substantial market power

Cartels: It occurs when competing businesses collude to fix prices, allocate markets or rig bids instead of competing with each other to win business, thus harming competition.

Four main types of cartels (Serious Anti-competitive Conduct under the Ordinance):

  1. Bid-rigging
  2. Price fixing
  3. Market sharing
  4. Output limitation

        Other arrangements / agreements between businesses that may harm competition:

Abuse of substantial market power: when a business with substantial market power uses that power to exclude competitors from the market or exploit consumers.

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